Pig Feed Rations

freshly ground pig feed

Considering making your own pig feed? Here are some numbers to help!

Before we get going there are are few things you need to know:

  • Rations are listed in pounds needed to make a ton (2,000 pounds) of feed.
  • These numbers can be easily reduced to smaller batches as long as you keep the proportions the same.
  • You will need a scale that can measure both pounds and smaller amounts like ounces.
  • Your feed will only be as good as the ingredients you put into it.

We use an 11 pound scale and measure into coffee cans, since we are making 500 or 1,000 pound batches of feed.

Smaller batches will need a digital scale to be accurate with the mineral mix.

How to make smaller batches of feed

We routinely make 500 pound batches in our feed grinder, it works just fine. (Smaller batches than this would fit in a wheelbarrow.) Here’s how we do it:

Since the listed pounds of ingredients are for a ton and we want to make 1/4 ton (500) we divide the pounds of the ingredient by 4.

It looks like this:

For corn– 1300 divided by 4 = 325 pounds of corn per 1/4 ton batch

Don’t over complicate this, just use your phone calculator and do your best. Be accurate with the mineral mix, since it will be such a small amount compared to the corn and soybean meal.

pig premix ingredients tag
This is part of the tag on the pig premix bag

Ingredients for the pig feed

Corn: The corn should be ground or at least cracked. Whole corn is difficult for smaller piglets to effectively use.

Soybean Meal: The soybean meal must be ground, not whole beans. Whole beans are not digestible, the grinding process also cooks the meal making it usable for the pigs.

Mineral Mix: The mineral mix should be for pigs specifically.

Pig Starter for 20-50 pound pigs

Feed IngredientsAmounts
(in pounds)
Crude Protein21%
Corn (ground is best, no whole kernels)1300
Soybean Meal640
Swine Premix60
Chances are your pigs will be bigger than this, but I included it just in case.

Pig Grower 1 for 50-80 pound pigs

Feed IngredientsAmounts
(in pounds)
Crude Protein16%
Corn (ground is best, no whole kernels)1525
Soybean Meal415
Swine Premix60
This is the ration most people will be starting with.

Pig Grower 2 for 80-160 pound pigs

Feed IngredientsAmounts
(in pounds)
Crude Protein13.95%
Corn (ground is best, no whole kernels)1630
Soybean Meal310
Swine Premix60
Changing rations as the pigs grow will save you some money. If you want to keep it simple, use Pig Grower 1 the whole time you have the pigs.

Pig Finisher for 160-market weight pigs

Feed IngredientsAmounts
(in pounds)
Crude Protein12.60%
Corn (ground is best, no whole kernels)1710
Soybean Meal240
Swine Premix50
As above, using a lower protein ration will save you some money on feed costs, since protein is normally your most expensive ingredient. Changing rations ideal, but not mandatory.

Gestation Ration

Feed IngredientsAmounts
(in pounds)
Crude Protein12%
Corn (ground is best, no whole kernels)1770
Soybean Meal180
Swine Premix50

Lactation Ration

Feed IngredientsAmounts
(in pounds)
Crude Protein17.60%
Corn (ground is best, no whole kernels)1475
Soybean Meal475
Swine Premix50

These numbers are from the swine feed premix that we buy for our pigs. These mixes are formulated so that you can use high quality ingredients to make your own feed at home.

These feeds are professionally formulated for great results, but do require you to your part by accurately figuring up the math and measuring the ingredients.

If you are not comfortable with making your own feed, just buy feed at the farm store.

Source: these figures are from the bag of swine premix that we purchase to make our pig feed, the red paper tag is pictured above. The mix is made for Mt. Hope Ag of Mt. Hope, Ohio.

Similar Posts